Words to describe foggy weather

November has brought shorter days and cooler weather, as well as one of my favourite weather conditions – fog! It’s often there when I wake up in the morning, descending again in the evening hours. I know not everyone likes it, but it just looks so delightfully mysterious to me. I’ve always been fascinated by it.

In some of my earlier posts I wrote about how you can describe rainy, snowy, and hot weather, and now we’ll look into foggy weather and the key words and collocations related to it. Throughout the post you’ll find a few photographs that I took on a cold, foggy morning in New Belgrade several years ago.


Fog is basically a cloud that forms near the ground, consisting of a high concentration of fine particles of water. 

Here are a couple of adjectives that collocate with the noun ‘fog’:

  • patchy – uneven, appearing only in some parts
  • swirling – moving around
  • persistent – fog that doesn’t go away
  • thick / dense / heavy
  • impenetrable – extremely thick

Some of the verbs you can use with ‘fog’ are:

  • to descend / to roll in – to say the fog appears
  • to clear / to lift – to say that it disappears

A thick, yellowish fog can be described as ‘pea soup’. This condition is typically caused by pollution, so it’s quite toxic. 

Speaking of toxic, you’re probably more familiar with the word ‘smog’, which is a portmanteau of the words ‘smoke’ and ‘fog’ (smoke + fog > smog).

Not only weather conditions can be described as foggy: people sometimes describe their memories as foggy, meaning blurred and unclear. Also, you may have experienced something called ‘brain fog’ – a syndrome that includes confusion, difficulty to concentrate, inability to remember things etc.

Additionally, if you hear someone saying “I haven’t the foggiest”, it means they don’t know anything about something; they are clueless.


Fog and mist are similar, in that they both refer to a concentration of water droplets in the atmosphere. In weather forecasts, the word fog is typically used when visibility is less than 180 metres, whereas mist has lower density so we can see farther. It also disperses faster than a fog.

Because it has to do with tiny water particles, the adjective misty refers to something that is wet, moist and blurry. For instance, if someone is about to cry and their eyes well up with tears, you can describe the eyes as misty.

The verb to mist can mean to spray. For example, it’s good to mist some house plants occasionally. 

You may have heard of ‘Scotch mist’. As a weather condition, it refers to a cold and heavy mist that’s almost like rain; ‘a drizzle’ would be a suitable synonym.


Haze is sometimes confused with fog and mist, because the visual effect can be similar. However, haze doesn’t consist of water droplets at all, but of tiny particles such as those of sand and dust.

Just like ‘foggy’, the adjective ‘hazy’ can be used to say that something is unclear. For example, one can have hazy memories of something that happened, or hazy ideas – uncertain, vague ideas. 

Do you like foggy weather? Why or why not? Is fog typical for the area where you live? Write about it in the comments section below!

One Reply to “Words to describe foggy weather”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: